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Lochner v. New York: Only sixty hours a week? Not under my Constitution!
Lochner v. New York, 1905, inaugurated thirty years of Supreme Court decisions striking down state-level maximum hour and minimum wage regulations as impermissible violations of a "freedom of contract" ostensibly guaranteed by the 14th Amendment Due Process clause. In Lochner, the Court struck down a New York law that limited bakers\' hours to sixty a week. For the next three decades, the Court cited Lochner in invalidating a number of minimum wage and maximum hour laws.